- Conditions water for goldfish
- Prevents nitrite poisoning
Total Gold Fish Care
- For pH control, use Seachem Gold Buffer.
- For nitrite poisoning prevention, use Seachem Gold Salt.
- For dechlorination, use Seachem Gold Basics.
- Use Seachem Gold Trace to restore the proper level of trace elements.
- Use Seachem NutriDiet Goldfish Flakes for thriving, healthy goldfish.
DirectionsUse 18 g (1 tablespoon) for each 40 L (10 US gallons). Use when setting up an aquarium and when making water changes. To add salt to an established tank, do so gradually. It is best to dissolve the salt in a small amount of freshwater before use. Avoid using salt when replacing evaporated water.
- Adjusts pH to 7.2—8.5
- Increases alkalinity
- Contains no phosphate
DirectionsTo increase pH, use 1 teaspoon (6 g) for every 80 L (20 gallons) daily until desired pH is reached (this dose raises alkalinity by about 1 meq/L (2.8 dKH)). For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. In order to adjust pH gradually, use Alkaline Buffer™ with Acid Buffer™. When using Alkaline Buffer™ & Acid Buffer™ together to target a specific pH, utilize the suggested ratio chart.
|Acid Buffer||Alkaline Buffer||pH|
- Buffers to pH of 7.8 - 8.4
- Raises KH and pH
- Does not affect GH
DirectionsUse 6 g (one level teaspoon) for each 40 to 80 L (10 to 20 US gallons) of water each day until desired pH is attained and maintained. Thereafter, use as required to maintain pH, usually no more than once every two to three weeks. For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. TIPS: It is best to dissolve the buffer in freshwater before use. Use when setting up an aquarium or making water changes (preferably after the addition of Seachem Cichlid Lake Salt) and between water changes as needed to maintain pH. Seachem Malawi/Victoria is formulated to maintain a pH between 7.8 and 8.4, depending on the amount used. To attain a lower pH than 7.8, you may use Seachem Acid in combination with Malawi/Victoria. To attain a higher pH than 8.4, use Tanganyika.
- Raises pH to 8.3
- Raises pH and carbonate alkalinity together
- pK (8.6) allows for greater pH stability in a reef system where the bioload is significantly more than in a fish only system
Stable pH - Thriving Reef TankSeachem Reef Buffer lets you safely raise the pH of reef system to 8.3 without danger of overdosing. It stabilises the pH, ensures a thriving reef tank.
pH and pKThe pK of a buffering agent is equivalent to the pH around which that buffer most strongly buffers. One would presume, then, that the pK of a saltwater buffer should be 8.3; however, the multitude of organic acids produced by the inhabitants of a reef system forces pH downward to a much greater degree than in a non-reef, marine system. A buffer with a pK of 8.3 would end up yielding a pH more in the range of 8.0-8.2. Seachem Reef Buffer has higher pK (8.6) which allows for greater pH stability in a reef system where the bioload is significantly more than in a fish only system. Competing products are not designed specifically for the reef environment, so their pK is too low (in most cases, pK 8.3). At this pK, the proper pH can never be reached in saltwater. Seachem Reef Buffer will also raise carbonate alkalinity; however, when pH is not an issue, Reef Builder or Reef Carbonate should be your first choice for a carbonate alkalinity supplement.
DirectionsCheck pH and alkalinity before use (use MultiTest Marine pH and Alkalinity to test ph nd alkalinity levels). Use 5g (1 level teaspoon) for every 150L (40 US gallons) to raise pH by about 0.1 pH units (this will also raise alkalinity by about 0.5 meq/L). For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. Dissolve in at least 250 ml (one cup) of freshwater, then add to the tank. The pH of natural sea water is 8.258.30. In a well established reef system pH adjustment may be necessary biweekly to semiweekly. Dosing requirements will vary, but do not exceed the recommended dose without checking your pH and alkalinity (alkalinity should not exceed 6 meq/L). If an alkalinity of 6 meq/L has been reached and a pH of at least 8.20 has not been attained or substantial cloudiness that does not clear within 15 minutes is encountered, then the system is not ionically balanced. To restore ionic balance perform a water change or adjust the magnesium and calcium levels to approximately 3:1 Mg:Ca. DO NOT OVERDOSE: Excess alkalinity may enhance the loss of calcium, magnesium, and strontium. Do not directly mix with any calcium, magnesium, or strontium supplement. Best if calcium and carbonate additives are added on alternate days or at least 30 minutes apart.
- Adjusts pH to 5.0—8.0
- Converts alkalinity [KH] to CO2
- Contains no phosphate
DirectionsTo lower pH, use 1/4 teaspoon (2g) for every 80 L (20 US gallons) daily until desired pH is reached (this dose lowers alkalinity by about 0.2 meq/L (0.6 dKH)). Larger doses may be required in very hard (KH) or alkaline waters. For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. In order to adjust pH gradually, or if water is soft or not well buffered, use Acid Buffer™ with Alkaline Buffer™. When using Alkaline Buffer™ & Acid Buffer™ together to target a specific pH, utilize the suggested ratio chart.
|Acid Buffer||Alkaline Buffer||pH|
- Replicates the environment of African Cichlids
- Contains proper amounts of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium
- Affects hardness only, not alkalinity or pH
DescriptionCichlid Lake Salt™ is a chemically sound blend of salts designed to replicate the natural environment of Rift Lake African Cichlids. It contains all physiologically essential elements such as magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, and includes trace components such as iron, aluminum, and iodide. Although the major Rift Lakes contain basically the same mineral salts, they do so in greatly differing concentrations. Cichlid Lake Salt™ is formulated so that dosages vary depending on the lake of origin and need only be added when setting up an aquarium or with water changes. Many competing products are little more than combinations of Epsom salt and bicarbonate of soda. This will not provide a complete replication of the mineral salts that are contained in the lakes of Africa, in particular calcium and potassium. Seachem’s Tanganyika Buffer™ (pH 9.0–9.4) and Malawi/Victoria Buffer™ (pH 7.8–8.4) should be used to adjust carbonate hardness and pH.
DirectionsAll doses given for 40 L (10 US gallons). Dosages are based on DI or RO water; for other water, measure hardness (GH) first, then add according to need. For reference, the Tanganyika dose raises dGH by 8.8 units. The Malawi dose raises dGH by 4.4 units. The Victoria dose raises dGH by 3 units. We recommend the following GH ranges: TIPS: Use when setting up an aquarium and when making water changes. To add salt to an established tank, base dose on water being changed. Do not use salt when simply replacing evaporated water. It is best to dissolve the salt in freshwater before use.
|Amounts per 1 gram|
|Aluminum (min)||0.90 mg|
|Iodine (min)||0.02 mg|
|Iron (min)||0.20 mg|
|Selenium (min)||0.00002 mg|
|Zinc (min)||0.007 mg|
Sizes250 g, 500 g, 1 kg, 4 kg
- Trace elements supplement for the planted aquarium
- Allows for more frequent dosing than a broad spectrum supplement without worrying about a build up of more slowly used components
Flourish Trace™ supplies a broad range of trace elements demonstrated to be necessary for proper plant health and growth (see below for signs of deficiencies). Trace elements are normally depleted by utilization, oxidation and precipitation. The latter two processes occur more rapidly than with other micronutrients. This makes it important to restore trace elements on a regular basis. Flourish Trace™ may be used alone or in conjunction with Flourish®. Best results are obtained when both are used. Flourish Trace™ is safe for invertebrates such as shrimp.
Signs of Trace Element Deficiencies
Use 1 capful (5 mL) for every 80 L (20 US gallons) twice a week. When using in conjunction with Flourish®, dose on alternate days.
50 mL, 100 mL, 250 mL, 500 mL, 2 L, 4 L, 20 L
- Potassium supplement for the planted aquarium
- Highly concentrated (50,000 mg/L)
- Does not contain phosphate or nitrate making it ideal for use with Flourish Nitrogen and Flourish Phosphorus
DirectionsUse 1 capful (5 mL) for every 125 L (30 US gallons). This dose raises potassium by 2 mg/L. Repeat 2–3 times per week or as needed in response to signs of potassium deficiency in older leaves which include: chlorosis (yellowing), necrosis (death/browning), pinholes in leaves, and weak stems and roots.
|Soluble Potash (K2O)||5%|
- Phosphorus supplement for the planted aquarium
- A safe 4500 mg/L solution of potassium phosphate
- Takes the guesswork out of phosphate dosing
DirectionsBEGINNER: Use 2.5 mL (half a cap) for each 80 L (20 US gallons) once or twice a week or as needed in response to signs of phosphorus deficiency (e.g. stunted growth, plant dark green). EXPERT: The beginner dose raises phosphorus by 0.05 mg/L (0.15 mg/L phosphate). The ideal phosphate level will vary, but generally ranges from 0.15–1.0 mg/L. Use MultiTest™: Phosphate to monitor phosphate levels. To target a specific phosphate increase, dose according to the following formula: 0.8vp=m, where v= volume of tank in gallons, p=desired phosphate increase and m=volume of product to use in mL. For example to raise 20 gallons to 0.1 mg/L phosphate you would use: 0.8*20*0.1=1.6 mL.
|Available Phosphate (P2O5)||0.3%|
|Soluble Potash (K2O)||0.2%|
- Nitrogen supplement for the planted aquarium
- 15,000 mg/L blend of nitrogen sources
- Provides nitrogen in both the nitrate form and the ammonium form
DirectionsBEGINNER: Use 2.5 mL (half a cap) for each 160 L (40 US gallons) twice a week or as needed in response to signs of nitrogen deficiency (e.g. stunted growth, chlorosis). For smaller doses, please note that each cap thread is approximately 1 mL. EXPERT: The beginner dose raises nitrogen by the same degree that 1 mg/L nitrate would. This dose is sufﬁcient to provide approximately 4 g of growth (dry) or about 20 g (hydrated) over a 1 month period (assuming all other necessary nutrients are provided). For increased growth use proportionately more. To target a speciﬁc nitrogen increase, dose according to the following formula: 0.25vn=m, where v= volume of tank in gallons, n=desired nitrogen increase (if using a “nitrate equivalent” value for “n” then use a factor of 0.05 instead of 0.25 in the formula) and m=volume of product to use in mL. For example to raise 20 gallons by 0.20 mg/L nitrogen you would use: 0.25*20*0.20=1 mL. Because one-half of the nitrogen in Flourish Nitrogen™ is from nitrate you can get a reasonable estimate of nitrogen levels by doubling a nitrate reading.
|Total Nitrogen (N)||1%|
|Soluble Potash (K2O)||2%|
- Highly concentrated (10,000 mg/L)
- Ferrous gluconate iron
- Ferrous gluconate is better suited to foliar feeding than iron-EDTA
DirectionsUse 1 capful (5 mL) for each 200 L (50 gallons) or as required to maintain about 0.10 mg/L iron. For smaller doses please note that each cap thread is about 1 mL. Use MultiTest®: Iron test kit to monitor iron concentrations. Due to rapid utilization, test within 30 minutes. Use as needed to combat signs of iron deficiency (usually seen in new growth) which include: chlorosis (yellowing) of tissue between veins and short and slender stems.
Sizes50 mL, 100 mL, 250 mL, 500 mL, 2 L, 4 L, 20L
- Bioavailable organic carbon source for the planted aquarium
- Use as an alternative to CO2 injection or in addition to it
- Introduces photosynthetic intermediates